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2015高考英语:动词时态与语态

来源: | 时间:2014-8-15 | 点击:884次
报名寒假课程9折特惠 立享新年大礼包
动词的时态与语态

  1.【2014届安徽省望江中学高三上学期期中】Our new English teacher , who is said to have moved back to China, _______ in America for almost ten years.

  A. lived B. has lived C. was living D. had lived

  1.【解析】A考查动词时态。句意:据说现在已经搬回到中国的新英语老师,在美国生活了10年。由who is said to have moved back to China,可知英语老师现在在中国,不在美国,在美国的10年是过去的10年,用一般过去式,选A项。

  2.【2014届河南中原名校联盟高三上学期第一次摸底】The shoes are of high quality and ________ long.

  A. wore B. are worn C. wear D. will be worn

  2.【解析】C考查动词的时态和语态。试题分析:句意:这双鞋质量好并且耐穿。根据句意可知,这表明了鞋的特征是耐穿,而没有强调具体穿的动作,故用一般现在时表示性质和特征。故选C项。

  3.【2014届河北容城中学高三上期第一次摸底】—Why is the house in a mess?

  —I it for Christmas since three days ago.

  A.cleaned B.cleans C.have cleaned D.have been cleaning

  3.【解析】D考查动词时态。句意:——为什么房子那么乱?——为了圣诞节我已经打扫三天了。由题干上下文中可知,“我已打扫三天了”,但是还没有打扫完,还要继续打扫,应该用现在完成进行时。现在完成进行时用于表示“从过去某一时刻开始的动作一直持续到现在,并且还要继续下去”。而现在完成时表示过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响好结果,故选D项。

  4.【2014届江苏沭阳县五校高三上期第一次联考】As the most frequently spoken language in the world, Chinese ________ in many schools in Europe.

  A. is teaching B is taught C. has taught D. teaches

  4.【解析】B考查时态和语态。句意:作为世界上最常见的口语,汉语在欧洲的很多学校被教。因为是被动含义,排除ACD,选B项。

  5.【2014届黑龙江省双鸭山一中高三上学期期中】Nowadays, cellphones have features such as games ,music and calendars and more new functions_______.

  A. are added B. have added C. are being added D. have been added

  5.【解析】C考查时态和语态。句意:现在最新的手机有很多功能,游戏、 音乐和会提醒你忘了约会和重要日期的电子日历等功能正被加入。因为时间是nowadays,而且是被动关系,用现在进行时的被动语态,选C项。

  6.【2014届黑龙江省大庆铁人中学高三上学期期中】—Ouch! You hurt me.

  —I’m sorry. But I _________ any harm. I _________ to drive a rat out.

  A. don’t’ mean; am trying B. didn’t mean; tried

  C. haven’t meant; tried D. didn’t mean; was trying

  6.【解析】D考查动词时态。句意:——啊!你伤到我了!——对不起。我不想伤害你的。我真正赶一只老鼠。根据句意可知第一空是指之前不想伤害对方,而不是说话时。第二空用过去进行时叙述刚才正在发生的事情。故选D项。

  7.【2014届河南省郑州一中高三期中考试】If it _________ too much trouble, I’d love a cup of coffee.

  A. isn’t B. wasn’t C. weren’t D. hadn’t been

  7.【解析】A考查动词时态。句意:如果不是很麻烦,我要要来杯咖啡。本题表示的是一种委婉的语气,表示请求,故选A项。

  【易错点拨】本题特别容易错选C项。考生会误认为是虚拟语气。实际上本题表示的是一种委婉的语气,表示请求。

  8.【2014届吉林省实验中学高三上学期第三次阶段检测】-- Mr. Jordan, we want to hear your opinion about the current NBA games.

  -- OK, I _________ to that.

  A. came B.have come C. am coming D.come

  8.【解析】C考查动词时态。句意:——Jordan先生,我们想听听你对现在的NBA比赛的看法。——好的,我马上就谈这个话题。说明这个动作是马上即将发生,be doing可以表示一般将来时,故选C项。

  9.【2014届河南中原名校联盟高三上学期第一次摸底】--May I speak to your manager at four o’clock this afternoon?

  --I’m sorry. He ________ to a conference long before then.

  A. will have gone B. had gone C. would go D. has gone

  9.【解析】A考查动词时态。句意:——今天下午四点我可以和你的经理谈谈吗?——对不起。他那时就早已经去开会了。根据句意这里用将来完成时。will have gone表示将来完成时;had gone 表示过去完成时; would go过去将来时; has gone现在完成时。故选A项。

  10.【2014届浙江省温州市十校联合体高三上学期期中联考】I _______ up here night after night for weeks now. You see, I _______ to give you a surprise.

  A. have come; hoped B. have been coming; has hoped

  C. have come; was hoping D. have been coming; was hoping

  10.【解析】D考查动词时态。句意:我现在来这儿已经好几周了;过去我本希望给你个惊喜,“由“for weeks now”可知是动作从过去到现在一直在进行,应用现在完成进行时表示,第二空是表示本希望,用过去进行时,选D项。

  11.【2014届辽宁省沈阳二中高三上学期期中】—I’m trying to find yesterday’s paper. Have you seen it?

  —I’m afraid I _________ it away. I thought you had finished reading it.

  A. had thrown B. throw C. would throw D. threw

  11.【解析】D考查动词时态。句意:--我想找昨天的报纸,你看见了吗?--恐怕我把它扔了。我还以为你看完了。Throw这个动作是和thought是并列的,都是一般过去式,选D项。

  12.【2014届湖南省桑植一中皇仓中学高三第二次联考】—Jessica, may you attend the summit held in sanya this Wednesday?

  —I’m afraid not. I _________ with a client about his father’s will.

  A. am about to arrange B. shall be arranging

  C. would arrange D. would have arranged

  12.【解析】B考查动词时态。句意:---Jessica,这个星期三会参加在Sanya举行的会议吗?--恐怕不能,那时我将与客户安排关于他父亲的遗嘱的事情。根据句意是这个星期三将正在和客户安排他父亲的遗嘱的事情。用将来进行时,will/shall be doing,选B项。

  13.【2014届江苏省苏州六校高三上学期12月联考】—I didn’t expect that John would be absent from my last Sunday’s birthday party.

  —As far as I know, he _________ to see his parents in the countryside on Sundays.

  A. goes B. went C. has gone D. had gone

  13.【解析】A考查动词时态。句意:--我没有预料到约翰会不参加我上个星期天的生日聚会。--据我所知,他星期天去乡村看望他的父母。因为是on Sundays,说明是经常性的动作,用一般现在时,选A项。

  14.【2014届江西省余江一中高三第四次模考】It every day so far this month. I can't tell you if it tomorrow  A. rained; rains B. is raining; shall rain

  C. has been raining; rains D. has rained; will rain

  14.【解析】D考查动词时态。句意:这个月到现在为止天天都在下雨,所以我无法告诉你明天是否还要要下雨。本题第一空应该使用现在完成式,关键词是后面的时间状语so far(到目前为止),so far通常都是和现在完成时连用。第二空是一个if引导的宾语从句,并非if引导的条件句,在这个宾语从句中,时间状语是tomorrow,这是一个将来时的时间状语,故该宾语从句使用将来时。故选D项。

  15.【2014届浙江省湖州市八校高三上学期第二次联考】--- It’s a shame that you missedthe lecture on the British culture given by Thompson.

  --- I _________ it, but I was busy preparing the coming exam.

  A. attended B. had attended C. would have attended D. would attend

  15.【解析】C考查动词时态。句意:——你错过了Thompson做的关于英国文化的讲座真是太遗憾了。——我本打算是要参加的,但我忙于准备即将到来的考试(而没有去)。本打算要去而没去,符合这一意思的为C项。A B是参加了的意思;D是将要参加,但没有没参加的结果,故可排除。

  16.【2014届河南省南阳市高三五校联谊期中考试】-- Where have you been all day?

  -- We ________ some lovely children and it was dark by the time we got away.

  A. met B. would meet C. have met D. had met

  16.【解析】A考查动词时态。句意:--你一整天去了哪里?--我们遇到了一群可爱的孩子,到我们走的时候已经天黑了。这是and 连接的并列分句,后面的是过去式,前面的也要用一般过去时。选A项。

  17.【2014届北京市朝阳区高三上学期期中】Please give Jim the schedule for tomorrow's conference when he _______ back. He is to chairthe conference.

  A. will come B. came C. comes D. is coming

  17.【解析】C考查动词时态。句意:当吉姆回来的时候,请给他明天会议的时间表,他要主持会议。主句是祈使句,应该表示将来的动作,when引导的时间状语从句应该用一般现在时代替一般将来时,选C项。

  18.【2014届河南省开封高中等豫东豫北十所名校高中毕业班阶段性测试】The thief was caught stealing money from the shop opposite the school and _________ by the local police at the moment.

  A. was questioned B. had questioned

  C. is being questioned D. has been questioning

  18.【解析】C考查时态和语态。句意:小偷被抓住在学校对面的商店偷钱,现在正在被警察询问。时间是at the moment“现在”,还有the thief和question是被动关系,用现在进行时的被动,选C项。

  19.【2014届江西省吉安市白鹭洲中学高三上学期期中】Dad, I was just wondering if you could lend me a few dollars until I _______ next week.

  A. got paid B. have paid C. get paid D. had been paid

  19.【解析】C考查动词时态。句意:爸爸,我想知道在我下周领取报酬之前,你能否借我几美元。连接时间状语从句的until,如果主句是一般将来时,从句只能用一般现在时表示将来意义。选C项。

  20.【2014届四川省成都石室中学高三上学期期中】China ______ a lot of people moving to urban areas in the last 20 years. However, many migrants left their families behind.

  A. saw B. sees C. has seen D. had seen

  20.【解析】C考查动词时态。句意:在过去的20年中中国见证了很多人搬到都市,然而,很多移民把家人留下了。时间状语是in the last 20 years表示从过去到现在一直在做的事情,用现在完成时,选C项。

  21.【2014届吉林省长春外国语学校高三上学期期中】Large quantities of water , as well as some other timely help including a medical team, _________ since the serious drought hit Yunnan Province.

  A. has offered B. had been offered C. have been offered D. is offeredw

  21.【解析】C考查动词时态和语态。句意:自从严重的旱灾在云南省发生以来,大量的水,还有其它包括医疗队在内的急需的帮助已经提供(给了当地)。由后面的since可知,自从发生以来,各种帮助已经提供了,故为现在完成时。水与其它的帮助应为被提供,表被动,所以答案应选C项。

  22.【2014届福建省德化一中高三上学期第二次质检】--You’ve left the light on.

  --Oh, so I have. _________to turn it off.

  A. I’ll go B. I’ve gone

  C. I go D. I’m going

  22.【解析】A考查动词时态。句意:--你让灯亮着了。---哦,的确是。我这就去把它关了。根据语境可知在对方的提醒下,说话人才注意到没关灯,要去关灯,所以应该用将来时态, be going to do表示按计划,打算要做的事;而will +动词原形表示临时的决定,故选A项。

  23.【2014届四川省资阳市高三一诊】―I am really struck by your spoken English. You speak so fluently. Have

  you been abroad?

  ―Yes. I ______ in London for two years.

  A. have stayed B. stayed C. had stayed D. have been staying

  23.【解析】B考查动词时态。句意:--我真的被你的口语吸引了。你说的是如此流利,你出过国吗?--是我在伦敦呆了两年

  。从第一句话中的Have you been abroad?可知第二个人现在不在国外,所以在伦敦的2年是过去的两年,用一般过去式,选B项。

  24.【2014届湖南省桑植一中皇仓中学高三第一次联考】According to the schedule, the flight No. 232 to Beijing at 10:30. We’d better set out right now, or we’ll be late.

  A. leaves B. left C. will leave D. has left

  24.【解析】A考查动词时态。句意:根据时刻表,到北京的232航班在10点半离开。我们最好现在出发,否则我们就迟到了。根据时刻表,即将做…,用一般现在时代替一般将来时,选A项。

  25.【2014届浙江省绍兴市第一中学高三上学期期中】Turn on CCTV news and we ________how happy our life is. But there is no denying that over the past decades, the cost of living ________ sharply.

  A. are seeing; had increased B. will see;has been increasing

  C. see; increased D. have seen; is increasing

  25.【解析】B考查动词时态。句意:打开中央新闻联播我们就会看到我们的生活是多么的幸福。但是不能否认在过去的几十年里,生活费用一直在急剧上涨。前句是固定句型“祈使句,and+句子(一般用将来时)”,而时间状语over the past decades是现在完成时态或现在完成进行时态的标志,故选B项。

  26.【2014届河北省唐山一中高三第二次调研考试】Father ____ for London on business upon my arrival, so I didn’t see him.

  A. has left B. left C. was leaving D. had leftx

  26.【解析】D考查动词时态。句意:我一到父亲就离开去伦敦出差了,所以我没见到他。在我到达之前父亲离开,过去的动作之前发生的动作应该用过去完成时。故选D项。

  27.【2014届江西红色六校高三上期第一次联考】— Hi,Michelle, I can’t find my e-dictionary.

  — Sorry,I it. I guess I put it on the top shelf with my things.

  A. had used B. used C. was using D. am using

  27.【解析】B

  考查动词时态。句意:我找不到我的电子词典了,对不起,我用了,我把它和我的东西一起放在书架上了。根据句意,我用了,是说话之前用的,所以应该用一般过去时,故选B项。 28.【2014届江苏沭阳县五校高三上期第一次联考】On Monday mornings it usually ______ me an hours to drive to work although the actual distance is only 20 miles.

  A. takes B. is taking C. took D. will take

  28.【解析】A考查动词时态。句意:在星期一早上我要花一个小时开车上班,虽然实际的距离只有20英里。因为是每个星期都发生的事情,用一般现在时,选A项。

  29.【2014届湖南湘中名校高三第一次大联考】She won’t be able to come next week, because she _________ herself in Mount Tai then.

  A. enjoys B. will be enjoying C. is enjoying D. Enjoyed

  29.【解析】B考查动词时态。句意:她下周不能来,因为她那时正在泰山玩得高兴呢。then指的是next week,将来的某一个时候正在进行的动作,所以应该用将来进行时,其形式是will be doing,故选B项。

  30.【2014届湖南湘中名校高三第一次大联考】Mr. Li arrived at the Wuguang train station twenty minutes ago, but the train to Guangzhou ____________ yet.

  A. hadn’t come B. won’t com

  e C. hasn’t come D. didn’t come

  30.【解析】C考查动词时态。句意:20分钟前李先生到达了武广火车站,但是去广州的火车还没有来。根据yet可知它常与现在完成时连用,20分钟前来到车站,到现在车还没有来,强调结果,故选C项。


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