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2019高考英语:数词与主谓一致

来源: | 时间:2014-8-15 | 点击:833次
报名寒假课程9折特惠 立享新年大礼包
    数词与主谓一致

  1.【2014届湖南湘中名校高三第一次大联考】Hearing loss in a large number of teenagers______ caused because of their listening to loud music.

  A. is B. has C. are D.have

  1.【解析】A考查主谓一致。句意:大多数年轻人听力的损伤是因为他们听了特别大的音乐而引起的。Hearing loss in a large number of teenagers是动名词短语做主语,当动名词短语做主语时谓语动词用单数,这里句子的主语与cause之间是被动关系,故选A项。

  2.【2014届福建省安溪一中、德化一中高三摸底联考】Large quantities of information as well as some timely help ___________ since the organization was built.

  A. has offered B. had been offered C. have been offered D. is offered

  2.【解析】C考查主谓一致和现在完成时的用法。句意:自从这个组织成立以后,大量的信息和及时的帮助被提供。as well as连接两个名词词组作主语时,动词要与前一个名词词组在数上保持一致。而“


  Large quantities of+名词”作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式;再结合语境可知,此处应该用现在完成时。故选C项。

  3.【2014届山西省长治市第二中学高三第二次练考】An increasing number of students, year by year, across China ____ hard to realize their dream of studying abroad.

  A. is trying B. are trying C. will try D. have tried

  3.【解析】B考查时态和主谓一致。句意:随着学生数量的越来越多,整个中国都在努力实现他们出国学习的梦想。从句意看是现在进行时,主语是China,因为后面用their,所以这里指中国人,谓语是复数,故选B项。

  4.【2014届安徽省望江中学高三上学期期中】As is known to us all, English books of this kind ________ well in middle schools.

  A.sell B.sells C.is sold D.are sold

  4.【解析】A考查动词主动表示被动和主谓一致的用法。句意:众所周知,这种英语书在中学很畅销。sell这个词可以用主动表示被动,表示书的特点,属性,sell well意思是“畅销”。主语是English books of this kind,谓语是复数,如果是this kind of English books,谓语就是单数,选A项。

  5.【2014届河南省郑州市第四中学高三上学期第三次调考】Every possible means _____ to prevent the air pollution, but the sky is still not clear.

  A. is used B. are used C. has been used D. have been used

  5.【解析】C考查主谓一致。句意:每一种可能的方法都已经被使用来预防空气污染,但是天空仍然不晴朗。本题主语中的名词means是一个单复数同形的名词,要在具体语境中判断是单数还是复数。本句中的形容词every后面通常要节单数名词,故使用AC,根据句义说明这是已经发生的事情,故使用现在完成时。故选C项。

  6.【2014届山东省威海市高三上学期期中考试】When and where this took place _____ still unknown.

  A. is B. has C. were D. are

  6.【解析】A考查主谓一致。句意:这在什么时候什么地方发生的还不知道。主语是单个的主语从句的时候谓语用单数,unknown是形容词,前面用be动词,选A项。

  7.【2014届江西省余江一中高三第四次模考】A teacher of English and class teacher _______ us something about volunteer workers. A. are telling B. is telling C. are given D. were given

7.【解析】B考查时态和主谓一致。句意:一位英语老师兼班主任正在告诉我们一些关于志愿者工作的事情。本句话的主语是A teacher of English and class teacher表示的是一个人,既是英语老师,也是班主任老师。故谓语动词使用单数形式。故选B项。

  8.【2014届湖南省澧县一中益阳市一中桃源县一中高三上学期三校联考】I have finished a large part of the novel written by Dickens, the rest of which ___ very difficult.

  A. is B. are C. was D. were

  8.【解析】A考查主谓一致和时态。句意:我已经看完了狄更斯写的小说的一大部分,其余的很难。定语从句中的主语是the rest of which,主语是the

  rest of+名词的时候,谓语取决于名词,这里which指的是the novel,所以谓语是单数,而且这部分很难是客观事实,用一般现在时,选A项。

  9.【2014届辽宁省抚顺二中高三上学期期中考试】______ without friends ______ the most difficult challenge for Chuck while living on the island.

  A. How to survive, is B. How does he survive, are

  C. How does he survive, is D. How to survive, are

  9.【解析】A考查主谓一致。句意:当库克住在岛上的时候没有朋友怎样生存对他来说是最难的挑战。排除B和D,是因为无论是动词不定式还是从句做主语时谓语动词都用单数,,C不对是因为C语序不对,因为从句做主语时是陈述语序,所以A是动词不定式做主语谓语动词用单数,故选A项。

  10.【2014届天津市六校高三上期第一次联考】Large amounts of money _______ spent on the bridge, which ________to be completed the next month.

  A.were; was expected B. was; was expected

  C. was; expected D. were; expected

  10. 【解析】A考查主谓一致。amounts of +不可数名词+复数谓语动词,故排除BC,bridge与expect之间为被动关系,故用被动语态,选A项。be expected to do 被期望或要求,应该.句意:大笔的钱被花在建桥上,这座桥预期在下个月竣工。

  11.【2014届陕西西安长安区第一中学高三上期第一次模拟考试】Some modern teaching equipment as well as hundreds of computers ________to ten Hope Schools in South China

  A. were sent B. was sent C. have sent D. had been sent

  11.【解析】B考查主谓一致和时态。句意:一些现代化的教学设备和上百台电脑被送往中国南方的10个希望学校。As well as连接两个主语,谓语和前面的主语一致,这句话就是和Some modern teaching equipment一致,因为equipment是不可数名词,所以谓语用单数,排除AC,因为不是过去的过去的动作,排除D,故选B项。

  12.【2014届吉林省实验中学高三上学期第三次阶段检测】The university estimates that living expenses for international students _________ around $8,450 a year, which _________ a burden for some of them.

  A are;are B. is;are C. is;is D. are;

  12.【解析】D考查主谓一致。句意:这个大学估计国际生的生活费用是每年8,450美元,这对他们一些人来说是沉重的负担。第一空前面的主语是living expenses,所以谓语是复数,第二空的先行词是$8,450 a year,表示金钱,时间长度等,谓语是单数,选D项。

  13.【2014届江苏省无锡市第三高级中学高三期初质量检测】Daniel is the only one of the students in the class that never _________ a mistake even when it is pointed out to him.

  A. admit making B. admits making

  C. admit to make D. admits to make

  13.【解析】B考查定语从句和主谓一致。定语从句的先行词是the only one,表示单数含义,因此定语从句的谓语动词用第三人称单数,排除A、C;admit doing sth承认做某事,排除D。故选B项。

  14.The population of this city ,forty percent of which_________, ________ 15% in the last three years

  A. are Germans, has risen by

  B. are Germen, has fallen

  C. is Germans, have been increased by

  D. is Germen, have been reduced by

  14.【解析】A考查population的用法以及主谓一致。句意:这个城市的人口40%是德国人,在过去的三年中已经增加了15%。population强调人口是多少时,若作主语,谓语动词用单数形式。population强调人口的身份或特征,若后面作表语的名词是复数时,谓语动词则要用复数形式。据题意,第一空中Germans 用复数,则谓语动词用复数,B、C两项可排除,而the population of this city强调人口,谓语动词需用单数,故本题最佳选A项。

  15.【2014届吉林省实验中学高三年级第一次模拟考试】Mum likes this old house in downtown better than the huge one in the country, but it costs almost

  A. twice as much B. twice as many

  C. twice so much D. twice so many

  15.A【解析】考查倍数表达。句意:妈妈喜欢市中心的老房子胜于乡村的大房子,但是它的价格几乎是两倍。这里使用的是倍数表达“倍数+as +adj+as”,如果比较的内容很明显了,就可以省略第二个as,表示价格用much,选A项。


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